The best-known batiks are produced in South East Asia.
Batik is an art to decorate fabric, mostly silk or cotton.
It seams that batik appeared more than 200 years ago in the Malay archipelago.
The word batik comes from the word 'titik" that means 'dot' in Bahasa
(Malay/Indonesian language). The main techniques are batik tulis and batik cap(pronounced tchap).
Batik tulis : detailed designs are first hand drawned with a pencil on the textile. Then hot liquid wax (mix of beeswax and paraffin) is applied with a canting (pronounced tchanting), a small copper container with a long slender spout, on areas that will not be colored during the dyeing process and will remain white or whatever color the original cloth was. The wax is removed with hot water. Then other areas are covered with wax. Ihere will be as many dyeing baths as colors in the design. Batik cap : cap means stamp in Bahasa. The hot wax is applied to the fabric with a metal stamp (thin, shaped copper strips fastened together with pins soldered on to a metal base with a handle on the reverse side). Like batik tulis, batik cap undergoes the same process of dyeing, washing, drying and redyeing.
Often a combination of cap and tulis is used on batik piece.